Full Title: “Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law
and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law.”
Reparation should consist of: 1. acknowledgment and apology; 2. guarantees against repetition; 3. measures of restitution; 4. measures of rehabilitation; and 5. monetary compensation.
What is this doing here? It describes the process of righting a wrong, which is important at every level of social interaction and maintain a relationship – be it two nations or two people:
- An admission the ‘wrong’ took place. Apologise for it’s occurrence. Don’t attempt to pretend it didn’t happen and life can just go on. Many people just don’t function like that, and it is much harder for the victim.
- Ensure the ‘wrong’ never happens again. For instance, this is why history is so important. Learn from previous mistakes, it’s the only way to move forward.
- Ensure corrective measures are in place to restore the situation to as close as possible to that before the ‘wrong’ took place. Acknowledge this may be impossible.
- Provide services to assist recovery from the ‘wrong’. The nature of services – if necessary or required – depend on the context.
- Monetary compensation for loss and damages caused by the wrong, and assist with the realisation of steps 2, 3 & 4.